Stocking crappie in a pond/small lake
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  1. #1
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Mar 2007

    Stocking crappie in a pond/small lake

    I was asking a professional's opinion about putting some crappie in a small lake. Though I'd share the info:

    Crappie – Pomoxis nigromaculatus (black) and Pomoxis
    annularis (White)
    The Crappie is known for its biting, fast action and ability to produce
    great fishing experiences. Many anglers and families have fond
    memories of catching crappie in larger impoundments and reservoir
    when they were kids. The crappie is one of the better eating fresh
    water species because of its flaky white texture and sweet tasting meat.
    While crappie seem to find their “nitch” in larger impoundments of 30 –
    50 acres and up, they have significant drawbacks and disadvantages in
    impoundments less than 20 acres. Because of the difficulty and
    expense of producing and managing lakes and ponds that are devoted
    to or include crappie, and because of the posed risks to the aquatic ecological balance in lakes and ponds, we
    at Legacy Farms and Ranches of Texas highly advise our customers not to consider crappie as a viable sport
    fish for their stocking considerations. If our clients are very insistent upon establishing crappie, we can help
    them locate a reliable source for crappie.
    The male Crappie begins to whip out a pan type nest in one to four feet of water when waters warm above
    58 - 60 degrees F in the spring. He then coaxes a mature female into the nest where she deposits the eggs.
    A medium sized crappie can lay as many as 10,000 eggs. The male fans the nest of eggs with his tail to keep
    silt off them until they hatch in three to five days. He continues to guard the school of "fry" for up to two weeks
    until they are about .5 - 1 inch long. Then they are on their own. The young crappie, just like young bass feed
    on microscopic plankton and small insects until they grow to four inches or so at which time they begin feeding
    heavily on small fishes.
    When stocking a new lake or pond, the land owner can stock in crappie that are 3-4” in size or larger. Smaller
    sizes than this are virtually impossible to handle. Under normal conditions crappie can only be stocked during
    the spring and early fall, as handling them during the warmer months almost always results in high mortalities.
    The larger the crappie is when stocked, the higher the levels of survival will be.
    The DOWN SIDE ….. Commonly asked questions.
    Q: Are crappie a desirable species for stocking in small ponds?
    A: No. There are several main compelling reasons for this.
    1. Competition for food – Crappie are very competitive feeders. They are Key Predators in a
    predator/prey aquatic environment, just like a largemouth bass. Being a live feeding fish, they are in
    direct competition with largemouth bass and other sport fish and because of their rapid reproduction
    rates, can quickly deplete the food chain in ponds, leaving nothing to eat for more desirable species
    such as largemouth bass.
    2. Overpopulation – Crappie are extremely prolific predators, and can overpopulate a pond very rapidly.
    This problem compounds when combined with their feeding habits.
    3. Lack of Natural Predators – Other predators rarely eat crappie, and prefer other species for forage.
    4. Stunting – In at least 90% of the crappie aquatic environments, crappie overpopulate, then clean out all
    the forage, then stop growing immediately and the fishery never progresses any further. The crappie
    stays “stuck” at that size and begin to ‘degrade” in quality as time progresses thereafter.
    5. Hauling – When it comes to transporting crappie, they are a very delicate fish. Except for handling in
    the early spring or fall when water temperatures are below 70 degrees, it is very difficult to transport
    them without experiencing moderate to heavy loss, and this is intensified by hot weather.
    P.O. Box 528 • Danbury, Texas 77534
    Office: 979-922-8415 • Fax: 979-922-8878
    Q: Why do many pond owners want to develop crappie ponds?
    A: Crappie are a lot of fun to catch, they bite very good, and will strike lures (jigs, spinner baits, etc.), they put
    up a good fight, and they are “good eating”. Many people are exposed to crappie when fishing in large lakes
    and reservoirs, and simply have a desire to replicate these memories in their own lake or pond.
    Q: Are there different types of crappie?
    A: Yes, there is a white and a black crappie. The white crappie has found to be much more productive than the
    black crappie. Both black and white crappie obtain reasonable sizes of 2.5+ pounds. The white crappie usually
    has a greenish tint to the top side of their body fading to a whitish stomach area. The black crappie has a
    silverfish green tint, with noticeable black specs over most of the top 2/3 of the body, and then fading to a
    whitish stomach area. They are usually very easy to distinguish, one from another. In the event the pond owner
    elects to utilize crappie, we highly advise them to use only the black crappie and never consider stocking white
    Q: What are my chances of producing a good crappie pond?
    A: Slim to None!!!!! At least 95% of the crappie ponds and crappie applications fail and fail miserably. In order
    to do well, crappie must have a correctly balanced eco system wherein they have their “nitch” in the food chain,
    and conditions must be right. This eco “nitch” is usually found in large reservoir systems, and can rarely be
    duplicated in small ponds. The few instances where crappie ponds were established and maintained in small
    ponds were situations where tremendous amounts of structure and habitat were in place, and a high level and
    consistent food chain existed and was maintained, so as to protect and provide for an abundant food supply for
    the crappie. The bottom line of this is that it is “expensive” to establish and maintain crappie ponds, and very
    few are successful at it.
    Q: I don’t want to harm my food chain in my pond or overpopulate it with crappie, but yet I still want a
    fish that fights like a crappie and is good eating. What are my alternatives?
    A: There are two great alternatives to crappie and are as follows: 1.) Coppernose Bluegill sunfish is an
    excellent alternative choice to the crappie. These fish reach large sizes like crappie, reaching sizes of 1.5 lb. +
    They fight just as hard, and are almost identical in taste. These fish will not overpopulate and damage the food
    chain like a crappie will. They are a very hardy fish and are easily and successfully transported. This is a very
    popular fish for customers who want to create a fun fishing experience for children while maintaining the quality
    of the bass fishing in the lake. 2.) Hybrid Striped Bass – This fish is a great fish to be utilized in small ponds,
    especially where the “fight” is important. Many pond owners place these in ponds, and implement a catch and
    release application, so these can be caught over and over again. A combination of Coppernose Bluegill and
    Hybrid Stripers is also a great combination of fish for small ponds. The Hybrid Striper will help control the
    Coppernose Bluegill reproduction numbers each year as they are a live feeding predator. Both the Coppernose
    Bluegill and Hybrid Striper can be maintained with either commercial feed pellets or with the internal production
    of forage fish.
    Q: What if I decided to develop a crappie pond as beat the odds and was successful?
    A: We would put you in the Legacy Pond Master’s “Hall of Fame” and probably hire you!!
    Q: Where can I get information on Coppernose Bluegill or Hybrid Striped Bass?
    A: Our sister company, Danbury Fish Farms raises and stocks Coppernose Bluegill and hybrid striped bass on
    a regular basis.
    Legacy Farms and Ranches of Texas, LLC provides a full line of service in pond design, fish stocking
    and wildlife and fisheries management. We have over 40 years experience in the lake and pond stocking and
    management business.
    For more information, visit us at www.le

  2. #2
    RO is offline
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2009

    Re: Stocking crappie in a pond/small lake

    I have heard the same things about crappie not doing well in ponds less than 20 acres before. Would definitely go with bluegill. Never thought of putting hybrids in there, but sounds like a great idea!



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